The LifeWatch infrastructure for biodiversity and ecosystem research is developing capabilities to provide users an environment to access a variety of data, to analytical and modelling software tools, and to computer capacity. Users can benefit from “virtual labs” or construct new ones to cooperate while creating and sharing workflows based on the LifeWatch functionalities through its Innovation Lab, supported by excellent ICT facilities and a Service Centre..
The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) has developed a biodiversity research infrastructure that contains information on all the known species in Australia aggregated from a wide range of data providers: museums, herbaria, community groups, government departments, individuals and universities. The Atlas provides a comprehensive catalogue of the species occurring in the country and a framework for integrating data from collections, field surveys, ecogenomic research, amateur observations and other sources to support broader environmental monitoring and research.
DataONE, supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation, has the objective to ensure the preservation, access, use and reuse of multi-scale, multidiscipline, and multi-national Earth observational data via three primary cyberinfrastucture elements. DataONE currently hosts three Coordinating Nodes that provide network-wide services to enhance interoperability of the Member Nodes and support indexing and replication services which make it easy for scientists to discover data wherever they reside, also enabling data repositories to make their data and services more broadly available to the international community.
NEON (National Ecological Observation Network) is a North American continental-scale ecological observation system for examining critical ecological issues. NEON is designed to gather and synthesize data on the impacts of climate change, land use change and invasive species on natural resources and biodiversity. NEON will combine site-based data with remotely sensed data and existing continental-scale data sets (e.g. satellite data) to provide a range of scaled data products that can be used to describe changes in the nation’s ecosystems through space and time. NEON expects to be in full operation by approximately 2017
The Brazilian Reference Center on Environmental Information - Centro de Referência em Informação Ambiental (CRIA) is an organization with expertise in software development. Their activities are focused on the dynamic integration of biodiversity data from distributed collections in Brazil, promoting data quality and innovative applications in science and development policy. The speciesLink Network, an e-infrastructure developed and maintained by CRIA, is currently serving nearly 7 million records from more than 300 biological collections
The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) coordinates research and monitors the state of biodiversity in South Africa. This region of Africa is one of the most biologically diverse parts in the world, and SANBI plays a key role in biodiversity management and ecosystem restoration. The institute provides biodiversity knowledge and information, gives planning and policy advice, and pilots best-practice management models in partnership with stakeholders
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) is hosting three important biodiversity research infrastructures or initiatives.
Biodiversity Committee of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is a coordinating body for the projects on biodiversity informatics and forest biodiversity monitoring across CAS institutes. Its National Specimen Information Infrastructure (NSII) includes 10 million digitized specimen, 6 million color photos, 3 million species names and more than 10 thousand books. Its China Forest Biodiversity monitoring Network consists of 12 large permanent plots with a size around 20 ha with 3 million trees belonging to 1400 species mapped and tagged.
The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species,SW China (GBoWS), located at Kunming Institute of Botany, studies and preserves germplasm resources of rare and endangered, endemic and economically important plants, animal species and microorganisms.
The WFCC-MIRCEN World Data Centre of Microorganisms (WDCM) plays a crucial role in providing databases of microorganisms, analysis of the function and establishing a platform of international communication. To date, 645 international culture collections from more than 70 countries have registered in WDCM. Global Catalogue of Microorganisms (GCM), as a scalable, reliable, dynamic and user-friendly data management system developed by WDCM
ELIXIR is the European research infrastructure for bioinformatics. It has the goal to orchestrate the collection, quality control and archiving of large amounts of biological data produced by life science experiments and environmental monitoring. ELIXIR is creating an infrastructure that integrates research data from all corners of Europe and ensures a seamless service provision that it is easily accessible to all
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international open data infrastructure funded by governments. It allows anyone and anywhere to access data about all types of life on Earth, shared across national boundaries via the Internet. GBIF has expertise in the mobilisation and organisation of data on the world’s biodiversity and its members together are committed to effective use of these data to support science and society
GEO BON is the Global Earth Observation Biodiversity Observation Network and coordinates activities relating to the Societal Benefit Area on Biodiversity of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). Some 100 governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations are collaborating through GEO BON to organize and improve terrestrial, freshwater and marine biodiversity observations globally and make their biodiversity data, information and forecasts more readily accessible to policymakers, managers, experts and other users. GEO BON draws on GEO’s work on data-sharing principles to promote full and open exchange of data, and on the GEOSS Common Infrastructure to enable interoperability through adoption of consistent standards